Key Components of ALL Effective Learning Environments

Meaningful Relationships

"No significant learning occurs without a significant relationship."
- James Comer

"It is teachers who have created positive teacher student relationships that are more likely to have the above average effects on student achievement."
- John Hattie

Hattie, J.A.C. (2003, October). Teachers make a difference: What is the research evidence? Paper presented at the Building Teacher Quality: What does the research tell us ACER Research Conference, Melbourne, Australia.
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Student Engagement

"The fact is that engagement precedes learning."
-Phillip Schlechty

"Students are engaged in opportunities to respond when they are saying, writing or doing. When tied to learning objectives, these opportunities result in more positive behaviors and academic outcomes."
- Sprick, Knight, Reinke & Mckale

Schlechty, Phillip C. Working on the Work: An Action Plan for Teachers, Principals, and Superintendents. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2002. Print.

Sprick, R., Knight, J., Reinke, W. M., & McKale, T. (2006). Coaching for positive classrooms: Supporting teachers with classroom management. Eugene, OR: Pacific Northwest Publishing.
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Developing Self-Efficacy

"Grit rests on the expectation that our own efforts can improve our future."
- Angela Duckworth

“In the fixed mindset, everything is about the outcome. If you fail—or if you’re not the best—it’s all been wasted. The growth mindset allows people to value what they’re doing regardless of the outcome . They’re tackling problems, charting new courses, working on important issues."
- Carol Dweck

Duckworth, A. (2016). Grit: The power of passion and perseverance. Scribner/Simon & Schuster.

Dweck, Carol S.. Mindset: The New Psychology Of Success. New York : Ballantine Books, 2008. Print.
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